Definition of the addiction problem
can be to alcohol, tobacco, or psycho-active substances. It may also be addiction to habits, passions, and sins such as sex,
sports, fame, food, or gambling. Other forms of addiction are to power, respect, and money.
is of two types: physical dependence and psychological dependence. Addiction is inability to control use of a drug or enslavement
to a habit (good or bad) through loss of self-control. Some forms of addiction are innately bad such as addiction to nicotine,
addiction to drugs (alcohol, opiates, sedatives, marijuana, amphetamine, cocaine, and caffeine), addiction to gambling, and
addiction to passions. Some forms of addiction start as habits and practices that are good innately but become bad due to
excesses. This includes sports and food. The addiction process goes through various stages. It starts as a habit that becomes
psychological dependence. It finally ends up as physiological dependence. Addiction has severe consequences. Addiction to
intoxicants is prohibited because it nullifies the purpose of preserving intellect. It
leads to poor health, psychiatric complications, crime, and violation of ddiin.
is defined in the Law as any substance that causes intoxication. Alcohol, tobacco, and other psychoactive drugs are not food
but are khamr because they change or impair the mind. With an impaired mind and loss of control a human becomes an
animal. Any thing that causes clouding of the mind is called khamr. Every intoxicant
is prohibited. What intoxicates in large amounts is haram in small amounts. The
term alcohol refers to one type of khamr. Khamr is the key to sins and evils. Taking
khamr is likened to worshipping idols. The recompense of a drinker of khamr is hell. Iman temporarily
disappears from a person at the moment of taking khamr. The salat of a user of khamr is not accepted.
Khamr is not a cure but is a disease. Wide-spread drinking khamr is an indicator of the coming of the Last Day.
Khamr has harms and benefits. The harms are predominant. The benefits are few and
temporary. The harm of khamr lies in its effects on health and its associated sins. Some people call khamr by another name in order to make it halaal. The Law has several
measures to control addiction to khamr. Manufacture, sale, and distribution of
khamr are prohibited. Raw materials for making khamr
should not be sold to a potential manufacturer.
addiction is a type of drug addiction. Addiction to narcotics & sedatives starts as normal pharmacological use of the
drugs and progresses to harmful addiction. Illicit drugs with no pharmacological benefit are addictive.
Prevention and treatment of drug abuse
The root of addiction is passion. Measures should be taken to stop antecedents to addiction
on the basis that what to leads to haram is haram.
While preventing addiction we should not forget to treat the victims of addiction. Internal measures of addiction control
are strengthening iman, taqwa, ibadat, and dhikr.
External measures of addiction control include education, good use of spare time, and good company. Rehabilitation of addicts
starts with telling them to repent. If they refuse they should be isolated socially. Cognitive therapy is used to sure the
addict understands the impact of addiction on health, wealth, and family life.