1.0 ENJOINING KINDNESS TO ANIMALS
Kindness for animals is enjoined by all religions. Saving animals from danger is a noble act. There is a moral reward
for kindness to animals.
2.0 PROHIBITING CRUELTY TO ANIMALS
Cruelty and physical abuse of animals are prohibited. There is severe punishment is reserved for cruel treatment if
animals. Face branding, beating, cursing, sexual abuse, and wanton killing of animals are forbidden.
3.0 ANIMAL RESEARCH: PURPOSE and RELEVANCE
The purpose of animal research is to spare humans from risk. Findings in animals are relevant to humans because of
similarities in physiology and biochemistry. However findings in animals cannot be directly transferred to humans; research
on humans is still necessary for a definitive conclusion. Animal research is exploratory and is not definitive. Some question
the need for animal research altogether!
4.0 THE LAW AND ANIMAL EXPERIMENTATION
The position of the Law is that animal experiments are allowed if a prima facie case can be established that
the result of the research is a necessity, dharuurat. Dharuurat under the Law is what is necessary for human
life. The regulations of necessity require that no more than the absolute minimum necessary should be done.
Animal research has definite risks for the animals that are not balanced by any benefits: pain, suffering, permanent
injury, inhumane treatment and operations, and being killed (sacrificed). Thus use of animals in justifiable on the basis
of benefiting humans and not any benefits that accrue to the animals. The risks to humans from animal research are minimal
in the short term; long-term effects are difficult to fathom.
5.0 OUTSTANDING ETHICO-LEGAL ISSUES
There are limits to deriving benefits from animals. Humans were not given a carte blanche to exploit animals in any
way they liked. They have to conform to the Law and moral guidelines.
If the results of animal experimentation will lead to protection of human life, then research is allowed to proceed
because then it is a necessity. This is similar to killing animals for food, a necessity for human life. If research is for
general scientific curiosity unrelated to any tangible human benefit, then it is not allowed..
All types of animals used in research cannot be subjected to unnecessary pain and suffering. Animals whose flesh is
edible are preferably used in research. Use of animals that are haram like the pig should be avoided as much as possible and
should be considered only in cases of dharurat.
Animals, like humans, have rights to enjoyment of life and good health.
The researcher must therefore minimize animal suffering. The animals must be shown kindness and respect. They should not be
subjected to the psychological pain of seeing other animals in pain or being sacrificed. Pain must be minimized both during
the experiment and when the animal is being terminally sacrificed.
The long-term effects of the experiment on the animal must be considered and efforts made to decrease suffering and
pain. The nutritional and medical needs of the animal must be taken care of before, during, and after the research.